Toronto Impaired Driving Charges
An arrest for impaired driving anywhere in Ontario or in Toronto can mean facing any of the charges below:
Care and Control
This is a charge of impaired driving to someone who is not actually driving the motor vehicle. This is charged to someone who had care and control of the vehicle while impaired, with the police officer having reason to believe that the person has the same control while actually operating the motor vehicle.
This charge is made without a blood alcohol test reading or a breathalyzer test when the police officer believes and can prove that the person driving the vehicle is unable to do so safely due to impairment by drugs or alcohol. This charge can be laid by an officer if the driver is exhibiting erratic driving, unsteadiness of gait, lack of motor coordination, and slurred speech. Note that in this charge, the prosecutor and the charging officer has to prove that the driver’s ability to operate a vehicle is impaired due to drug use or alcohol ingestion.
This charge is made when the driver has a BAC (blood alcohol content) level of more than 80 milligrams of alcohol for every 100 millilitres of blood via an approved screening device such as a breathalyzer. The officer must have probable and reasonable grounds that the person’s ability to operate a motor vehicle is impaired by drugs or alcohol prior to submitting a person for a BAC screening.
Refusing a Blood Sample or Refusing a Breathalyzer
This charge is made when a person suspected of impaired driving refuses to provide a blood sample or a breath sample to a police officer. This charge also applies when the sample provided is deemed not enough for the investigation.
Underage Impaired Driving
There is zero tolerance for impaired teenage driving in Toronto and other Ontario jurisdictions. Teenage drivers are charged with the above charges even with less proof or related evidence.